Adaptive: self-help skills the child uses for daily living (such as
feeding, toileting, dressing).
Advocacy: the act of supporting or defending a child's interests and
Assessment: means the initial and ongoing procedure used to identify: the
child's unique needs and strengths; the family's resources, priorities and
concerns relative to that child's development; and the nature and extent
of early intervention services that are needed by the child and the
child's family to address the needs identified in the evaluation process.
Assistive Technology Devices and Services: equipment and services that are
used to improve or maintain the abilities of a child to participate in
such activities as playing, communicating, eating, or moving.
At Risk: a term used for children who may, in the future, have problems
with their development that may affect learning or development.
Audiology: identification of children with hearing impairments and
providing services for hearing loss and prevention of hearing loss.
Cognitive: a term that describes the process used for remembering,
reasoning, understanding, and making decisions.
Confidentiality: the right that personal information about a child and
family is not released without parent consent or only when permitted or
required by law.
Consent: the approval a parent gives to a program or the county, generally
in writing. Consent is always voluntary and a parent may revoke it at any
Counseling: advice or help given by someone qualified to give such advice
or help (such as a psychologist or social worker).
Developmental: having to do with the steps or stages in the growth of a
Developmental Delay: an indication that a child has not attained the
expected level of development based on the child's age.
Developmental History: the developmental progress of a child in such
skills as sitting, walking, or talking.
Developmental Tests: tests that measure a child's development compared to
the development of other children at that age.
Disability: a developmental delay or a physical or mental condition which
is very likely to result in a child having a developmental delay.
Due Process: procedures designed to protect a person's rights. This
includes requirements for confidentiality, consent, and processes to
resolve disagreements and file complaints.
Dominant Language: the language or other mode of communication that the
family normally uses.
Early Intervention Services: services provided by qualified personnel and
meet the needs of the child and family as described in the Individualized
Family Service Plan (IFSP). These services are provided with parent
consent and to the maximum extent possible in the natural environment.
Eligibility Requirements: the requirements a child must meet to be able to
receive early intervention services. This will include the age of the
child and whether or not the child has a disability or developmental
Evaluation: a process used to determine if a child meets the eligibility
standards for early intervention.
Family Assessment: a process used to identify and gather information
related to the family concerns, priorities and resources.
Family Concerns: means those areas that the parent identifies as needs,
issues, or problems which they wish to have addressed within the
Individualized Family Service Plan.
Family Priorities: means those areas which the parent selects as essential
targets for early intervention services to be delivered to their child and
Family Resources: means the strengths, abilities, and formal and informal
supports that can be mobilized to address family concerns, needs or
Family Training: services provided by qualified personnel to assist the
family in understanding the special needs of the child and in promoting
the child's development.
Health Services: health-related services necessary to enable a child to
benefit from other early intervention services
Home Visits: visits in your home by a professional for the purpose of
planning and providing early intervention services.
Impartial Hearing: a formal process at which a family's complaints can be
heard by a hearing officer who will resolve the dispute or complaint
regarding the child's evaluation, IFSP or certain other issues.
IEP: Individualized Education Plan
IFSP: Individualized Family Service Plan. A written plan for the child's
and family's services in the Early Intervention Program that the family
develops with a team of qualified personnel.
Interim IFSP: when the child and/or family are in apparent immediate need
of early intervention services, a temporary IFSP can be developed to allow
the child and family to receive early intervention services after the
child has been referred to the program and before an evaluation is
Lead Agency: the state agency that the Governor has chosen to oversee and
coordinate early intervention services.
Mediation: a method for solving a disagreement that uses persons trained
in helping people resolve their own problems.
Multidisciplinary: the involvement of two or more professionals from
different areas of training in providing early intervention services;
including evaluation, assessment, and the development of the IFSP.
Natural Environment: settings that are natural or normal for young
children without disabilities. This may include the home, a child care
setting, or other community settings in which children participate.
Nursing Services: assessment of health status of the child for the purpose
of providing nursing care, and provision of nursing care to prevent health
problems, restore and improve functioning, and promote optimal health and
development. This may include administering medications, treatments, and
other procedures prescribed by a licensed physician.
Nutritional Services: services that help address the nutritional needs of
children which include identifying feeding skills, feeding problems, food
habits and food preferences.
Occupational Therapy: services that relate to self-help skills, adaptive
behavior and play, and sensory, motor, and postural development.
Outcomes: statements of changes that parents want to see in their child or
family. These statements are part of the IFSP.
Parent: a parent or person in parental relationship to a child or an
appointed surrogate parent.
Pendency: the right that the parent and child have that allows the child
and family to continue to receive early intervention services contained in
an existing IFSP while the disagreement is being resolved or when a child
and family have moved to another county.
Personally Identifiable Information: includes family names, social
security numbers, addresses, and other information that could be used to
identify the family.
Physical Therapy: services to prevent or lessen movement difficulties and
related functional problems.
Placement: the place where services will be provided to the child, which
if possible should be in a natural setting such as the home or day care.
Psychological Services: administering and interpreting psychological tests
and information about a child's behavior and child and family conditions
related to learning, mental health and development as well as planning
services including counseling, consultation, parent training, and
Qualified Personnel: those individuals who are approved to provide early
intervention services within the limits of their licensure, certification,
Respite: temporary child care that may be available to families of
children with disabilities. This may include care provided in the home or
at another place.
Screening: a process used to assess the child's developmental status to
indicate what type of evaluation, if any, is warranted.
Service Coordinator: someone who works in partnership with the family by
providing assistance and services that help the family to coordinate and
obtain their rights under the Early Intervention Program and services
agreed upon on the IFSP.
Social Work Services: preparing an assessment of the social and emotional
strengths and needs of a child and family, and providing individual or
group services such as counseling or family training.
Special Instruction: includes designing of learning environments and
activities that promote the child's development, providing families with
information, skills and support to enhance the child's development.
Special Needs: (as in a child with "special needs") a term used to
describe a child who has a disability or developmental delay, and requires
special services or treatment.
Speech-Language Pathology: services for children with delays in
communication skills or with motor skills such as weakness of muscles
around the mouth or swallowing.
Surrogate Parent: a person who is appointed to act in place of the parent
when parents are not available to participate in making decisions about
their child's involvement in the Early Intervention Program. A parent may
voluntarily designate a surrogate parent.
Transition: the process where the children at age 3 will move from the
Early Intervention Program to the Preschool Special Education Program or
other early childhood supports or services.
Transportation: providing or reimbursing the cost of travel necessary to
enable a child and family to receive early intervention services.
Vision Services: identification of children with visual disorders or
delays and providing services and training to those children.
the State of New York's Parent Dictionary